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Black History Month: Phyllis Wheatley Community Center and North Minneapolis — A History of Hope

Updated: May 28

Phyllis Wheatley Settlement House, 1934

In the bustling cityscape of 1920s Minneapolis, amidst the challenges of segregation and institutionalized discrimination faced by its growing African American community, emerged a lifeline: Phyllis Wheatley House.

Its story mirrors that of the Northside community it has served for nearly 100 years. It's one of challenge and triumph, resilience and tenacity, and of a community united in the fight for equality in Minneapolis. Ours is a fight that has required great leadership from men and women dedicated to creating equity where there is none, whose commitment to giving a voice to the unheard; it's a fight has intrinsically linked us with our community to propel progress; and it is, unquestionably, a part of Black history.

A Legacy Woven into Black History

In the late 1910s, Minneapolis, though entrenched in the segregation, discrimination, and codified racism that permeated the entire country, was home to a growing African American population, most of whom lived, as they still do today, on the city's north side.

The African American community, much like today, struggled with marginalization, poverty, and discrimination. Young Black women coming to the city to attend college found themselves shut out, segregated from their peers by dormitory walls they could not legally breach, and by oppressive, racist laws that put strict limitations on nearly every area of life.

It wasn't long before members of Minneapolis' Women's Cooperative Association (WCA) took notice of this gap — and took a crucial step. They envisioned a dedicated space for the African American community, a "settlement house" that would offer social services, educational opportunities, and a sense of belonging. In 1924, their vision materialized with the establishment of the Phyllis Wheatley Settlement House, named after the renowned enslaved poet, a symbol of both artistic expression and overcoming adversity.

Quickly, the agency's value became apparent, not just to young Black college students, but to the Northside community at large. Within a few years, the organization had expanded its services in response to the immense need in the community where it was located — and began offering essential resources.

An Agency for — and by — the Community

Phyllis Wheatley Community Center 1929
W. Gertrude Brown, Phyllis Wheatley Community Center's first leader, 1929.

The Phyllis Wheatley Settlement House was a vital gathering space, offering safe haven and fostering a sense of belonging and shared identity to the people in its Northside neighborhoods, serving as a crucial lifeline for the community in several ways:

  • Social services: providing essential resources like affordable childcare, employment assistance, addressing fundamental needs and helping families stabilize.

  • Education and empowerment: literacy classes, vocational training, and cultural programs equipped individuals with valuable skills and fostered self-sufficiency.

  • Community building: giving a collective voice to the marginalized, community by listening and advocating for those things the community needs most.

  • Cultural expression: art programs, music classes, and theater productions provided platforms for cultural expression and celebration, fostering pride and resilience.

The Heartbeat of North Minneapolis

The story of the Phyllis Wheatley Community Center belongs to North Minneapolis. Since its inception, the center has woven itself into the community's very fabric, earning its trust generation after generation. It's more than just a building; it's a sanctuary, a haven where shared experiences resonate, and needs are met with open arms. It's a place that belongs to nobody, yet to the entire community; its story is the same as that of North Minneapolis and its generations of African American family members.

Phyllis Wheatley's second Minneapolis home on Adrich Avenue.
Phyllis Wheatley's second Minneapolis home on Adrich Avenue. The building was razed in the early 1970s to make way for I-94, a project that divided the Northside community and impacts the community still today.

The story of the Phyllis Wheatley Community Center in Black history is a powerful reminder of the transformative impact of an organization dedicated to effecting necessary change and disrupting oppression. Moreover, it is a story of the power of a cohesive community driven by a shared goal and motivated by the

knowledge that in a democracy, they, like everyone else, has the undeniable right to reach for their dreams, have their voices heard, and choose for themselves where their pathways will take them.

In a city that would go on to see decades of institutionalized racism, Phyllis Wheatley remained, standing alongside the Northside community, caring for its members, and lifting up the voices that must be heard, acting as catalyst for change in the yet unfinished march toward equality.

Phyllis Wheatley Community Center
Phyllis Wheatley today at 1301 N. 10th Avenue

A Centennial for the Community

This Black History Month, PWCC looks back with pride at what we've accomplished alongside our neighbors, the inextricably linked stories of an agency born to serve a community, and a community born of the bonds formed within that agency's walls. At the same time, we look forward — to the celebration of a century of service to North Minneapolis on October 17. Ours is a legacy of community, of resistance and resilience, of Black leadership and progress toward equity — it is one that cannot be separated from Black history, for it is Black history.

Get Involved

Support Phyllis Wheatley Community Center and its mission — to create pathways for individuals to discover their strengths and take control of their futures. Donate today at

Save the Date!

Phyllis Wheatley turns 100 October 17, 1924. We'll be celebrating this momentous milestone on November 9, 2024, and we invite you to save the date! Many more details to come.

Interested in sponsoring the centennial celebration? Reach out to Katy Nelson, Sr. Director of Development & Communications —

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